Strengthen Security and Public Order: Accountability Management in Improving the Quality of Law Enforcement
In the framework of Democratic Policing Reforms, since 1979 the United Nations has actually adopted what is called the Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials. This Code of Conduct includes the idea that the police should represent and be accountable to the entire community. Within the Indonesian case, it is recognized that there is a red thread between supervision and accountability of police performance, particularly law enforcement. However, more than a decade since police reform began in Indonesia, the demands of the wider community for accountability in carrying out police duties, particularly law enforcement in discretionary cases, have continued to echo. In order to make the supervision more effective, it is necessary to examine how supervision of law enforcement by the National Police is carried out. This article is written as a comparative literature study in the realm of legal philosophy. The results reveal that Law enforcement by the National Police, especially with regard to discretionary cases, turns out to require police accountability both inside and outside, both individually and organizationally. In this situation, supervision was carried out in the form of supervision of the implementation of law enforcement by the National Police. In this case, accountability can be said to be a kind of ‘soul mate’ from supervision.
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