Principles of Social Integration in the Constitution of Medina

Authors

  • Zaleha Embong Faculty of Language Studies and Generic Development. Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Beg Berkunci No 01, 16300, Bachok, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Nazri Muslim Centre for Citra, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nik Yusri Musa Faculty of Language Studies and Generic Development. Universiti Malaysia Kelantan
  • Amaal Fadhlini Mohamed Faculty of Language Studies and Generic Development. Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Beg Berkunci No 01, 16300, Bachok, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Lina Mastura Jusoh Faculty of Language Studies and Generic Development. Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Beg Berkunci No 01, 16300, Bachok, Kelantan, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36941/ajis-2021-0032

Keywords:

social integration, plural society, Constitution of Medina, ethnicity, Islam

Abstract

A diverse community often faces social conflicts. This can lead to issues such as discrimination, fights, wars, oppression, and so on. Social integration plays an important role in achieving harmony in a society. The Constitution of Medina enacted by the Prophet SAW succeeded in managing a plural society until Medina became a country with social cohesion. Therefore, this study aims to identify and analyse the principles of social cohesion that exist in the Constitution of Medina. This study uses data collection methods through library research and in-depth interviews. Meanwhile, the content analysis method is then used to analyse the data. The findings revealed that the Prophet SAW succeeded in forming social cohesion in a plural society through the Clauses contained in the Constitution of Medina. A plural society is recognized as an ummah and has a cooperative relationship and a spirit of belonging in defending Medina from external threats.

 

Received: 22 October 2020 / Accepted: 12 December 2020 / Published: 17 January 2021

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Published

2021-01-17

How to Cite

Embong, Z. ., Muslim, N. ., Musa, N. Y. ., Mohamed, A. F. ., & Jusoh, L. M. . (2021). Principles of Social Integration in the Constitution of Medina. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 10(1), 382. https://doi.org/10.36941/ajis-2021-0032

Issue

Section

Research Articles