Criminal Profiling Then and Now: Prospect and Challenges in Malaysia

Authors

  • Maisarah Binti Mustaffa Faculty of Law, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), 43600, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Muhamad Helmi Md Said Faculty of Law, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), 43600, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Amrullah Bin Drs Nasrul International Islamic University of Malaysia, Jalan Gombak, 53100, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Muhamad Sayuti Bin Hassan Faculty of Law, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), 43600, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Ramalinggam Rajamanickam Faculty of Law, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), 43600, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nur Khalidah Dahlan Faculty of Law, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), 43600, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36941/ajis-2022-0007

Keywords:

criminal profile, psychological profiling, Criminal Procedure Code, Crime Investigation

Abstract

The purpose of this article was to ascertain the concept of criminal profiling by taking into consideration the evolution of its definition, function, methodology and also the background of profiling officers from the beginning up to the present time. Using the critical and literature review approach, references from journals, books, statutes and international cases were analyzed to pinpoint the most recent developments to the criminal profiling method. While researches and literature reviews regarding criminal profiling were undoubtedly significant overseas, it was not the same case back in our homeland. Discussions were few and even then, not entirely focusing nor mentioning the procedures and practice of criminal profiling during investigation. It was also found that there seem to yet exist a clarity in regards to the definition and methodology of criminal profiling nor the background of profiler involved despite it being carried out during investigative process for a long period of time. This article also highlighted the challenges discovered in the practice of criminal profiling such as the vagueness of its method in our law, the existence of race-based profiling practice and the credibility of criminal profiling as an expert evidence in courts which was debatable due to the absence of any yardstick to determine the capability of a profiler.

 

Received: 16 August 2021 / Accepted: 7 October 2021 / Published: 3 January 2022

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Published

2022-01-03

How to Cite

Binti Mustaffa, M. . ., Md Said, M. H. ., Bin Drs Nasrul, M. A. ., Bin Hassan, M. S. ., Rajamanickam, R. ., & Dahlan, N. K. . (2022). Criminal Profiling Then and Now: Prospect and Challenges in Malaysia. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 11(1), 80. https://doi.org/10.36941/ajis-2022-0007

Issue

Section

Research Articles

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