A Comparative Study of Power Distance of English Teachers and Non-English Teachers in Classroom Interaction in Iranian High Schools


  • Houman Bijani Ph.D., Assistant Professor in TESOL, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan Branch, Zanjan, Iran
  • Somayeh Jamali Ph.D. Candidate, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran
  • Salim Said Bani Orabah Ed.D., Head of English Language Center, University of Technology & Applied Sciences, Ibra, Oman




English teachers, Non-English teachers, Power distance, Students’ viewpoint


Since cultural factors play a crucial role in creating behavioral patterns, investigating the relationship between English teachers and students can be a good index for discovering the level of power distance in the classroom environment with different cultures manifesting in their interactions. The current study has attempted to compare female high school students' viewpoints towards English teachers and non-English teachers in the Iran context to discover the difference in power distance between English and non-English teachers and their students. To this end, the present research was conducted in 3 high schools for females with female teachers, and the data was gathered through a five-item Likert scale questionnaire investigating students' viewpoints towards five main elements: Acceptability, Respect, Teaching method, behavioral patterns, and Friendship. The findings revealed a high power distance between English teachers and their students in an English class interaction than non-English teachers such as science teachers, math teachers, physics teachers, chemistry teachers, and art teachers and their students. In turn, the results implied positive viewpoints towards English teachers. Regarding four factors, Acceptability, Respect, Teaching method, and Behavior, there is a significant difference between the viewpoints towards English and non-English teachers. On the other hand, there is no significant difference between the two variables in terms of friendship.


Received: 14 October 2021 / Accepted: 10 January 2022 / Published: 5 March 2022


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How to Cite

Bijani, H. ., Jamali, S. ., & Orabah, S. S. B. . (2022). A Comparative Study of Power Distance of English Teachers and Non-English Teachers in Classroom Interaction in Iranian High Schools. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 11(2), 206. https://doi.org/10.36941/ajis-2022-0046



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