Coping Behavior and Difficult Life Situations of Russian School-Students With Different Intelligence Levels
AbstractThe character of coping behavior (CB) and difficult life situations (DLS) of students with different levels and types (verbal or non-verbal) of intelligence were studied. The participants of the study were students from different Moscow schools (N = 60). Students with a high level of intelligence development prefer problem-focused coping strategies and understand DLS as situations requiring active steps, self-solution to the problem and self-management skills of controlling the situation. Students with lower level of intelligence prefer emotion-focused coping strategies and understand DLS as situations going beyond the control, requiring help and external support. Substantial aspects of coping vary depending on the dynamics of the level intellectually. Subjective esteems of “heaviness” of DLS depend on the intelligence level development and intelligence types.
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