Why Albania is in a Continuous Struggle to Fulfill European Union Preconditions Toward Membership? (Focus on Lack of Property Rights)
AbstractThe Albanian communist legacy has left a significant impact in building a democratic state. Twenty five years have passed since the change of regime, but transition phase toward consolidation and democratization still seems to be unreached and unfulfilled. Even we are geographically part of Europe, we struggling from years to achieve successful reforms in economy, politics and in law. There are five major pre conditions that European Union considers as priorities for Albania to fulfill. Property rights are one of them and it will be a focus of this research. Main objectives studied regarding this article are as follow: 1. Political culture. 2. Political parties. 3. Property administrations efficiency. By analyzing the up mentioned objectives, emphasizing negative externalities of communism, political factors during the transitional period I will try to give an explanation on why there is a real challenge for Albania to pass to the consolidation phase toward a real European democratization. Fulfilling the European criteria is a mutual challenge for Albanian government to improve the quality of people life as well as for Europe itself as the leading institution to support and guide young democracies in making them inner part of the Union. Reforms must be of European standards, effective and with positive outputs. In order to achieve successful reforms, there should be a better collaboration between opposition and the government, to be shown a mature and good political will, to work reasonably and responsibly for a better future for its citizens.
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