Dissemination of Demographic and Socio-Economic Developments in Tirana with Special Attention to Youth Education

Authors

  • Bukuri Dumani
  • Ruzhdie Bici
  • Nexhmi Dumani
  • Blerina Subashi
  • Alma Kondi

Abstract

Tirana, the capital of Albania, has a population of 420,000 inhabitants, with a surface area of 40 km2 and a population density of 10.5 thousand inhabitants. From the territorial point of view of the organization , Tirana has 11 administrative units. Half of the population in Tirana is less than 35 years old and half, more than 35 years old. Tirana has the highest level of socio-economic developments in the country and most of the domestic migrants who after the change of economic systems in 1990, are located in Tirana. The article analyzes the level of demographic and socio-economic developments in Tirana according to its 11 administrative units, their inequalities and similarities, with particular attention to the education of young people, the enrollment of students in secondary school after completing nine year basic education. Although Tirana has the highest socio-economic development in the country, its administrative units have quite different levels of development. The net enrollment rate at secondary school for students who have completed nine years of basic education and enroll in the secondary is low; (only 67% of students) compared with net enrollment rate at secondary school in EU countries over 85%). A student in Tirana who has a difficult economic situation, parents with low education level, school far away, the absence of one or both parents in the family, many household members, is much more likely not to enroll in secondary school, after completing basic obligatory education, nine years education. Economic and social developments in Tirana highlight a development of Tirana with many profiles. From the 11 administrative units in five-of them, the developments are relatively lower than in the other six administrative units. The less developed administrative units in Tirana are: the 6th and 11th units and the highest developments administrative unites are the 10th and 5th units. In Unit 6, one in seven people are poor although in Unit 10 one in 25 people are poor. To improve the development, it should be implemented concrete programs and projects with territorial approaches; Education has an essential role to play out of poverty and change the quality of life. This role should be empowered by the state and families by becoming more and more vulnerable to the ideology of education and the quality of education. There are used data from Census 2011 and Living Standard Measurement Survey, LSMS 2012. Descriptive, factorial, cluster analysis and regression methods were used for the analysis of socio-demographic and economic developments. For data processing were used Spss, Stata and Matlab.

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Published

2018-05-10

How to Cite

Dumani, B., Bici, R., Dumani, N., Subashi, B., & Kondi, A. (2018). Dissemination of Demographic and Socio-Economic Developments in Tirana with Special Attention to Youth Education. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 8(2), 93. Retrieved from https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/jesr/article/view/10244

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Articles