Child Marriages: International Laws and Islamic Laws Perspective


  • Nazir Ullah Faculty of Law, Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia
  • Saidatul Nadia Binti Abd Aziz Faculty of Law, Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia
  • Rao Qasim Idrees School of Law, University of Gujrat, Pakistan



Child Marriage, Human Rights, Islamic Laws, United Nation Conventions


A Child marriage is a serious issue in Pakistani society particularly in rural areas and interior Sindh province. The reasons and forms of child marriages are very harmful and against the fundamental rights of children granted by various international and domestic laws. The practice causes severe effects not only to children but also to society as a whole. This article discusses the legislative efforts made by the United Nations and the international community to restrain child marriages around the globe. The issue of child marriages is discussed under the ambit of human rights and women’s rights and highlighted in various conventions and treaties. State parties are bound to make their domestic laws according to the essence of such conventions and treaties. Similarly, Islamic law holds an important position in domestic laws of Pakistan. Therefore, the issue is analysed in light of Islamic law as well as international law. This research identifies and analyze the available international, Islamic and domestic legal instruments that are relevant to help in restrain of child marriage. The methodology employed in this research is qualitative method of legal case study, where by researchers analyzed secondary sources including articles, books, reports, online web sites and court cases. After the analysis of the available data and legal instruments, this research finds that i) child marriage in Pakistani society are practiced arbitrarily, ii) very young spouses are not having opportunity to pursue their post marriage education, iii) the community, especially female, are not aware of the existence of legal assistance in the legal system to protect them from such early marriage; iv) available laws in Pakistan are inadequate in restraining of the practice, v) equality promoted in the Constitution of Pakistan is not strictly followed by authorities, vi) although, international conventions condemn the practice but there is no proper international law sanction to prohibit child marriage vii) Islamic law permits a guardian of a child to marry off his ward before she attains puberty but the marriage can only be consummated  after she attained puberty.


Received: 31 October 2020 / Accepted: 6 January 2021 / Published: 10 May 2021


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How to Cite

Ullah, N. ., Binti Abd Aziz, S. N. ., & Idrees, R. Q. . (2021). Child Marriages: International Laws and Islamic Laws Perspective. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 11(3), 60.