Enhancing Second Language Incidental Vocabulary Learning Through Technology


  • Halil Asllani English Lecturer, Ph.D. Candidate, Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Philology, University of Prishtina, George Bush St., Nr.31, 10 000 Prishtina, Kosovo
  • Rrahman Paçarizi Associate Professor of Linguistics, Department of Linguistics, Faculty of Philology, University of Prishtina, George Bush St., Nr.31, 10 000 Prishtina, Kosovo




multimedia, annotations, second language, incidental vocabulary learning, pedagogy


The emergence of digital learning environments has resulted in remarkable interest to researchers and professionals in pursuit of finding effective second language learning and teaching methodologies with the help of technology.  Hence, this study intended to investigate whether different multimedia annotation modalities (i.e., L1 definition, L2 definition + audio, L2 definition + image) have different effects on enhancing L2 incidental vocabulary learning. Language learning and technology have received particular attention for quite some time now, yet, a critical review of earlier research led to the identification of a research gap as there was no previous research on settings where participants’ first language was Albanian. The nature and focus of research questions required the use of a quantitative deductive approach. More specifically, the study employed a quantitative quasi-experimental design with the utilization of a pre-test and an immediate post-test. Fifteen-year-old pupils at a secondary school read a second language text under different annotation conditions. Independent and paired samples t-tests were utilized in analyzing data collected through an immediate word recognition test.  The findings yielded evidence that L1 definition and L2 definition + image is more effective in enhancing L2 incidental vocabulary learning compared to non-multimedia reading environment and L2 definition + audio, therefore providing positive pedagogical implications for the application of technology in developing second language incidental vocabulary learning.


Received: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 26 May 2021 / Published: 8 July 2021


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How to Cite

Asllani, H. ., & Paçarizi, R. . (2021). Enhancing Second Language Incidental Vocabulary Learning Through Technology. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 11(4), 113. https://doi.org/10.36941/jesr-2021-0081