Retractions Represent Failure
AbstractA retraction in science is the removal of a scientific paper from the literature’s records. Formerly and still on occasion today, retractions would involve the complete removal of all traces of the paper, including authors’ names, abstract and manuscript, what is now commonly termed a stealth or silent retraction. Despite what appears to be an increase in the number of retractions, retraction notices remain fairly opaque, most likely to limit litigation, but thus not serving a useful purpose for science. This letter shows how retractions represent different levels of failure.
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