Journal of Educational and Social Research https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/jesr <p>Journal of Educational and Social Research", is a professional, double-blind, peer-reviewed, open-access journal publishing high-quality scientific articles in the fields of education and social sciences. JESR has been published by Sciendo DeGruyter from January 2017 to September 2019 and is aquired from Richtmann. JESR is indexed by Scopus.</p> Richtmann Publishing en-US Journal of Educational and Social Research 2239-978X <p><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></p> <p>This work is licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a>.</p> Impact of Covid-19 on Higher Education Sectors in Sri Lanka: A Study based on South Eastern University of Sri Lanka https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/jesr/article/view/12279 <p>Modern scientific and technological changes have enabled online education as an integral part of the education system in the contemporary world. Although online learning system was influential in the pre-Covid 19 periods to a certain extent, it has become an inevitable part of the teaching and learning process of higher education sectors during the Covid-19 era. As the Covid-19 posed enormous challenges on the traditional higher education system, there was a desperate need globally for every government to incorporate online education into their higher education system. However, online education was not given much importance in the Sri Lankan higher education sector before the Covid-19. But, the closure of universities due to Covid-19 had prompted the government of Sri Lanka to promote the online mode of education as an alternative solution to continue higher education activity during a crisis. Thus, online education has presently become an essential component of Sri Lanka's higher education sector. Nevertheless, there are many obstacles and challenges confronting the higher education sectors, particularly in the universities of Sri Lanka to perpetuate online education successfully. Against this backdrop, this study attempts to give an insight into the impact of Covid-19 on the teaching and learning process of South Eastern University of Sri Lanka, and the challenges faced by the university in perpetuating online education system during the Covid-19. The findings of the study show that the university encountered several challenges in terms of online delivery, problems related to practical test via online mode, assessment, examination and supervision of the thesis. The study further highlights issues concerning online teaching and learning environment and a lack of online teaching and learning skills among staff and students that were considered critical to the smooth functioning of teaching and learning process of the South Eastern University of Sri Lanka during the Covid-19 pandemic. The study argues that the university should focus on a hybrid education system to address the issues of online mode of education confronted by staff and students to make the teaching and learning process more effective.</p> A. Rameez M. A. M. Fowsar N. Lumna Copyright (c) 0 2020-11-18 2020-11-18 10 6 341 341 10.36941/jesr-2020-0132 Revitalizing Home Economics Education in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria Through ICT Use for Skill Acquisition for Global Relevance https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/jesr/article/view/12278 <p>The study examined how to revitalize Home Economics education in tertiary institutions through ICT use for skill acquisition and global relevance. Three research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. A descriptive survey was adopted for this study. 233 Lecturers and students constituted the population and 134 subjects were selected through simple random sampling method. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data and was analysed using mean, standard deviation and t-test analysis.&nbsp; Findings showed 30 skills that can be acquired through ICT use in Home Economics teaching and learning, such as; scaling of foods, meal planning, budgeting, selection, purchasing of foodstuffs and preparation. Factors affecting teaching and learning Home Economics include; insufficient personnel to teach practical, teaching more of theory than practical in the course. 10 ways proffered on how to revitalize Home Economics education include; equipping laboratory with adequate ICT facilities, teachers and students being ICT proficient, Carrying out assignment online, among others.&nbsp; It was concluded that since much skills can be learnt in Home Economics that enables learners to be relevant to self and the world, training and provision of ICT equipment is important in tertiary institutions.</p> Juliana Ego Azonuche Copyright (c) 0 2020-11-18 2020-11-18 10 6 332 332 10.36941/jesr-2020-0131 A Proposal for Virtual Laboratories in Learning Biology for Secondary School Curriculum https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/jesr/article/view/12277 <p>The study aimed to identify the extent of biology teachers' awareness regarding the importance of virtual laboratories in teaching biology for secondary school. It also intended to develop a proposal to enable biology teachers to use virtual laboratories in teaching secondary level. To achieve these aims, the descriptive-analytical approach was used. The research sample consisted of fifty female biology teachers at the secondary level in the city of Al-Kharj. The study applied the questionnaire as its main tool to gather data. The study concluded that the degree of awareness among female biology teachers regarding the importance of virtual laboratories in teaching biology for the secondary level was found at a moderate level. Besides, the ability of female biology teachers to use virtual laboratories in teaching biology for the secondary stage was low. Considering these results, a proposal was developed to enable female biology teachers to use virtual laboratories in teaching biology for secondary school.</p> Norah Saleh M. Almuqbil Copyright (c) 0 2020-11-18 2020-11-18 10 6 323 323 10.36941/jesr-2020-0130 The Influence of Instagram-Assisted Project Based Learning Model on Critical Thinking Skills https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/jesr/article/view/12276 <p>In today’s 21st century, people are demanded to have the ability to communicate and to think critically. In addition, we are also expected to possess leadership qualities. In achieving such competencies, IT-Assisted Project Based Learning (PjBL) model can be used as an alternative. Hence, this study was conducted, aiming at determining whether there is an effect of Instagram-Assisted PjBL model on students' critical thinking skills in sociology subjects. This research was a Quasi-Experimental Study, with Nonrandomized Control Group Pretest–Posttest Design. The research data were obtained using objective tests in the form of multiple choice questions, which have passed validity, reliability, discrimination power, and difficulty level test. The data were analyzed using parametric statistical tests, in the form of comparative analysis and N-Gain. The results of the study showed that Instagram-Assisted Project Based Learning model had an impact on students' critical thinking abilities. The results of N-Gain test also showed that the increase in students of experimental class’ critical thinking skills is higher than that of the students in control class. This implies that Instagram-Assisted Project Based Learning models can be used as a supplement in strengthening constructivist-oriented learning theories.</p> Popy Adekantari Su’ud Sukardi Copyright (c) 0 2020-11-18 2020-11-18 10 6 315 315 10.36941/jesr-2020-0129 The Effectiveness of Community Education Services in Influencing Socio-Economic Issues in the Gravelotte Community https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/jesr/article/view/12275 <p>The successes of educational services in influencing socio-economic issues in societies across the globe are captured through empirical studies. A qualitative interpretive approach was employed to investigate the effectiveness of community education in influencing socio-economic issues in the Gravelotte community. The researchers used three methods to collect data which were in-depth individual interviews, document analysis and participant observation. Ten participants were interviewed individually using open-ended interview guides. The study was conducted in the small semi-urban area of Gravelotte community in Ba-Phalaborwa municipality with a population of about 500 residents of mixed races. The collected data was thematically analysed. The findings of the study are that there is no secondary school in the Gravelotte community which is detrimental for socio-economic development in the area. The study recommends that one primary school in the area be empowered to proceed to be a secondary school or provide education up to grade 9, private companies and individuals with interest in education should be coerced support community education and that the TVET College establish a forum locally to provide marketing and interactive collaboration with locals to recruit learners who may drop out of mainstream education.</p> M. V. Rabapane N. Wadesango Copyright (c) 0 2020-11-18 2020-11-18 10 6 302 302 10.36941/jesr-2020-0128