The Development of the Concept of Terrorism

Authors

  • Fatos Hasani

Abstract

Jacobin terrorism (1793-1794) at the time of the revolution starts with the removal of the faction leaders with the Giron agreement (02/06/1793) and ends with the arrest of Robespierre by the members of the 9th Thermidor (27.07.1794 ). This analysis can be summarized as follows: first choice of violence as a means to create conditions that will allow operations as described in political terms century of the 20's and the state intervention in the field and in the civil society. Secondly, addresses the needs of the war that has being transformed and developed from a parallel to a civil war and pleaded for rapid awakening of the national consciousness of the leadership of the Jacobins, and finally, the risk of counter- revolution, the need to consolidate a 'point of no return'. A similar phenomenon of computation of political and economic crime appears that emerged in the Soviet Union after 1918. However, we must not forget that the Court Revolutionary gave a series of decisions of acquittal, which gives the impression-taste of the doubt to the imposition of terror by the Jacobins in France. During the French Revolution, parliamentarism took place in practice. Sets were simply places where they gather to share ideas and political views of the same Club. Consequently, the exercise of central policy was a matter of immense size and variety. If added, on the one hand the fall of the throne of the monarch until the formation of the Public Salvation Committee has created a "vacuum" of power and the fact that France was at war, then it becomes clear why it was chosen and designed practice terrorism as the only efficient (estimated political) policy.

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Published

2017-08-30

How to Cite

Hasani, F. (2017). The Development of the Concept of Terrorism. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 8(1), 500. Retrieved from https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/view/10052