Synergetic Approach to the Formation of the Normalized Tempo-Rhythmical Organization of Speech in the Russian Language as a Foreign Language of Bilingual Children
AbstractTheoretical and applied aspects of bilingualism at present, more and more attract the attention of not only linguists, and researchers in the field of speech-language pathology. This interest is due to the relevance of the problem of bilingualism (multilingualism) in the world. Currently in places of compact residence of the Tatar population, in particular in the Tyumen region, is created an environment, conducive to the development of early bilingualism. Tatars are the second largest by population in the Tyumen region. Also there is a marked growth in the number of representatives of the Turkic ethnic groups (Azeris, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Uzbeks), due to migration processes. This raises the problem of learning Russian as a second language by children bilinguals who arrive with their parents. The new realities of the post-Soviet world has led to an increase of the distance in school programs, the reduction of the role and place of Russian language in the newly independent states, which creates additional difficulties in the adaptation of migrant children. It is important to realize that the choice of strategy of formation of the linguistic features of children with speech dysfunctions and bilingualism is not possible without recourse to physiological and neuropsychological mechanisms of speech, psycholinguistic aspects of language analysis.
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