Development of the Human Capital Taking into Account a Gender Factor in Russia
AbstractTo questions of a gender inequality, professional segregation in Russia, unlike world practice, for many years it wasn't paid sufficient attention that caused interest of authors to this problem. As object of research in article the human capital of the territory which analysis is submitted at the state and regional level, a subject – gender aspect as one factors of the human capital development acts. In article on the basis of methods of generalization, comparison, the statistical analysis, an assessment of dynamics ranks, the analysis of the human capital reproduction processes in Russia and the Southern federal district is carried out; the analysis of the human capital development in the Southern Federal District taking into account gender features; assessment of the directions of achievement of gender equality and its influence on social and economic development. By results of the carried-out analysis conclusions were drawn on a remaining gender gap in life expectancy, an education level, the income; about asymmetry on the labor market, being shown in a rupture of an education level of women, their level of economic activity and returns from investments and the reached level of the human capital; about remaining unequal access to economic resources and lack of the adequate gender policy meeting standards of international law, to Conventions of the UNO and other international organizations. It allowed to formulate the directions of an institutionalizing of gender equality as component, a condition and a resource of development of economy.
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