The Impact of Global Transformations on the Processes of Regional and Ethnic Identity of Indigenous Peoples Siberian Arctic
AbstractIn the given article, we analyze regional identity among the native indigenous people in the Siberian Arctic region on the materials of field researches performed in the Krasnoyarsk Region (Russia) in 2010-2014. In the course of field researching they have hold an expert opinion poll, and as for the experts, there have been invited representatives of local organs of power and businessmen, who exercise traditional economic management. Experts have estimated a probability of concrete tendencies in the processes of formation of positive or negative regional ethno-cultural identity of indigenous peoples of the Siberian Arctic Region. On one hand, global transformations contribute to vanishing of the unique ethno-cultural identity of the native indigenous peoples. However, precisely global technologies give an opportunity for activation of cultural and social practices, which preserve and reproduce positive ethno-cultural identity of the native indigenous peoples of the Siberian Arctic region. One of the main places is taken by the technologies of distant education, and its content is related to ecological, economical, and cultural practices of native people of the Siberian Arctic region. Experts from among the native population consider that it is necessary to preserve the state support of traditional economic management, including rain-deer breeding, fishing, hunting, and juridical fortification of the native indigenous peoples’ rights of the Siberian Arctic Region to traditional economic activity.
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