https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/mjss/issue/feed Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences 2023-01-06T22:05:36+01:00 Prof. Alessandro Figus mjss@richtmann.org Open Journal Systems <p>Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences publishes six issues per year in January, March, May, July, September and November. MJSS has been published from January 2017 to September 2019 by Sciendo DeGruyter now acquired from Richtmann. For submissions use the online system or send your manuscript by email to: mjss@richtmann.org</p> https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/view/13218 Child Vulnerabilities in Nigeria: What is the Nature of Our Work as Child Protection Social Workers? 2023-01-06T21:37:23+01:00 Tracy B.E. Omorogiuwa admin@admin.com <p>Terms like child abuse, child labour, street children, child trafficking, and child marriage underscore the vulnerability of children worldwide, and underpin the imperative of affording them holistic care. Such services must address the underlying factors that elevate their vulnerability as is consistent with the person-in-environment focus of social work. Given our historical commitments and top-notch values, the social work profession, more than any other, is most concerned with the well-being of children. Yet, not much is known of our professional action in Africa, a region near the pyramid's pinnacle in child rights violation. This article presents the findings of a qualitative study, involving five voluntary organizations, which explored the nature of social work services to vulnerable children. Drawing on a constructivist framework, semi-structured interviews were conducted to gather data in Lagos and Abuja, Nigeria, and the results were then thematically analyzed. Findings indicate that social work services for vulnerable children require strengthening, since it does not address the root causes that exacerbate their vulnerability. Suggestions for navigating these challenges are explored.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Received: 2 November 2022 / Accepted: 30 December 2022 / Published: 5 January 2023</p> 2023-01-05T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/view/13219 A Sociological Perspective on the Impact of Technology on Airport Management in Nigeria 2023-01-06T21:40:40+01:00 Hyginus Obinna Ogbonna admin@admin.com Chidi Mba admin@admin.com Benedict Ibukun Ajayi admin@admin.com Bello Eugene admin@admin.com Udeji Nixon Chiedozie admin@admin.com <p>This paper focuses on Sociological Perspective on the impact of technology on airport management, with focus on Nigeria. Its general aim is to ascertain the impact technology has on airport management; in particular: 1). To find out the implications advances in technology has on airport security management, 2). ascertain the implications of advances in technology on job retention for airport workers, 3). examine the impact of technology on airport users'experience, and 4) identify policy-based recommendations for a way forward. To achieve these objectives, the paper employed qualitative descriptive method; the use of tabulation, and graphic illustration in its analysis. For the sake of proper understanding, and with the aid of extrapolations, a Sociological theory, 'Functionalism', was adopted as the theoretical framework. In its expected outcomes, the study revealed the type of relationship between the two variables (technology and airport management), and the implications for Nigeria as a whole, and airport stakeholders in particular. A few of the findings include: technology has both positive and negative impact in Nigeria's airport management processes; it assures airport users'advantage, as well portends risk; it aids airport workers' workflow convenience, as well portends future job loss, etc. The paper therefore recommends, 1. Nigerian government should embrace the global advances in airport technology but at the same time brace up for its discontents; 2. Airport users should be technology-compliant to enable them appropriate the advantages of new airport technologies and manage its discontents as well; inter alia .</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Received: 6 October 2022 / Accepted: 27 December 2022 / Published: 5 January 2023</p> 2023-01-05T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/view/13220 Factors Influencing Drug and Substance Abuse among Secondary School Students in Zimbabwe 2023-01-06T21:45:06+01:00 Chikuvadze Pinias admin@admin.com Saidi Enia admin@admin.com <p>The study was premised on factors that influence secondary school students’ participation in drug and substance abuse activities. In this context for data generation, analysis, and discussion, was guided by a framework comprised of the phenomenology and qualitative approach. For this study thirty students and six class teachers from one secondary school in Zimbabwe were purposively and conveniently sampled as sources of information for the issue under investigation respectively. Document analysis, focus group discussion, and personal interview were employed to generate data, which was later analyzed according to emerging themes. From the study, it was revealed that secondary school students were abusing a variety of drugs, and substances such as ganja cakes, among others. It was also noted that students at the secondary school under investigation were driven into drug and substance abuse activities due to peer pressure among others. With the aim to mitigate prevalence of drug and substance abuse amongst the students at selected secondary schools, it was advocated that peer counseling, establishing rehabilitation centers, the introduction of stiff disciplinary measures, and awareness campaigns. Therefore, it can be concluded that secondary school students’ participation in drug and substance abuse, within the school premises was largely influenced by multiple factors. It is in this context that the researchers recommend that in selected secondary school coaching of students secondary school students, teachers, and parents/guardians on the execution of peer counseling strategy to ease off secondary school students' participation in anti-social demeanors needs be reinforced.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Received: 15 November 2022 / Accepted: 29 December 2022 / Published: 5 January 2023</p> 2023-01-05T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/view/13221 A Review of Iran's Developmental Challenges in the Contemporary International System: A Non-Iranian Perspective 2023-01-06T21:48:32+01:00 Zekeri Momoh admin@admin.com <p>This research looked at the hurdles to Iran's growth plans in the modern world political economy. The data for this study was gathered from secondary sources such as textbooks, magazine articles, and online sources, and the data was analysed using content analysis. According to this study, Iran has been plagued by violent strife for many years. Furthermore, the mistaken economic policies of earlier Iranian leaders, as well as a reluctance to open the economy to international investors, have contributed to the country's economic stagnation throughout the years. Finally, this study suggests, among other things, that a total shutdown of the Iranian economy in the current global economy will continue to deprive Iran of the myriad economic gains associated with globalisation.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Received: 11 October 2022 / Accepted: 30 December 2022 / Published: 5 January 2023</p> 2023-01-05T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/view/13222 Forensic Accounting Techniques on Fraud Prevention in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria 2023-01-06T21:51:02+01:00 Mercy N. G. Akeke admin@admin.com Cletus Akpo Atah admin@admin.com <p>This study examined the influence of forensic accounting techniques on fraud prevention in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. The study's methodology was a survey research design. Two research questions and two null hypotheses were developed in order to fulfill the study's objectives. Due to the manageable size of the population, all 152 auditors in bursary department participated in the study. A questionnaire titled “Forensic Accounting Techniques on Fraud Prevention” (FATFP) with a four-point rating scale was used for data collection. Two specialists in accounting department and one expert in measurement and evaluation validated the instrument. The Cronbach's alpha method was used to calculate the overall reliability coefficient of the instrument, which is.79. The standard deviation and mean were used to answer the research questions. The null hypotheses were tested using an independent t-test at the.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that computer-assisted audit techniques and interview audit techniques had a significant influence on fraud prevention at tertiary institutions. Among other things, it was recommended that, government should arm auditors with information and communication tools to aid auditing procedures for fraud prevention. Once again, auditors should use contemporary interview approaches, including watching candidates during interviews, using recording equipment, and installing CCTV cameras strategically placed to capture correct data that will aid in stopping fraudulent operations in Nigerian educational institutions, particularly in Cross River State, Nigeria.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Received: 11 November 2022 / Accepted: 28 December 2022 / Published: 5 January 2023</p> 2023-01-05T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/view/13223 Melancholic Relationship to Appearance: A Fanonian Reading of Amadu’s Novel “No Past No Present No Future” 2023-01-06T21:55:35+01:00 Abera Kassaw admin@admin.com Melakneh Mengistu admin@admin.com <p>This study is an exploration of the melancholic relationship to appearance reflected in Amadu Maddy’s “No Past No Present No Future”. To this end, the researcher uses textual analysis and descriptive criticism to unravel the causes and consequences of melancholic relationship to appearance. The theory of racial melancholia which is dominantly informed by Fanonian approach to the psychology of racism is used to account for the intra-psychic forces which operate within the melancholic characters in the subject novel. As the finding discloses, Amadu’s novel saw at close range that the immediate postcolonial world is dominated by two groups of people: some hermitized white souls whose mindset is stuck in more traditional forms of biological, and pseudo-scientific racism, and those black people with “black skin and white masks.”. Both exist in a borrowed time, unable to come to terms with the psychological states upon which their conscious and unconscious thoughts are hanging, have long lost wellness. The former see their articles of racial superiority as a self-evident truth; the latter plunge into a psychic process whereby the loss of belonging becomes the cause of ongoing trauma, realizing that they belong nowhere, that they must live in a world that would never give recognition to their existence.&nbsp;</p> <p>This study is an exploration of the melancholic relationship to appearance reflected in Amadu Maddy’s “No Past No Present No Future”. To this end, the researcher uses textual analysis and descriptive criticism to unravel the causes and consequences of melancholic relationship to appearance. The theory of racial melancholia which is dominantly informed by Fanonian approach to the psychology of racism is used to account for the intra-psychic forces which operate within the melancholic characters in the subject novel. As the finding discloses, Amadu’s novel saw at close range that the immediate postcolonial world is dominated by two groups of people: some hermitized white souls whose mindset is stuck in more traditional forms of biological, and pseudo-scientific racism, and those black people with “black skin and white masks.”. Both exist in a borrowed time, unable to come to terms with the psychological states upon which their conscious and unconscious thoughts are hanging, have long lost wellness. The former see their articles of racial superiority as a self-evident truth; the latter plunge into a psychic process whereby the loss of belonging becomes the cause of ongoing trauma, realizing that they belong nowhere, that they must live in a world that would never give recognition to their existence.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Received: 03 October 2022 / Accepted: 30 December 2022 / Published: 5 January 2023</p> 2023-01-05T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/view/13224 Gender Perspective of Interpersonal Relationships in Pre-Tertiary Schools as a Teacher Motivator 2023-01-06T21:59:46+01:00 Thomas N. Tindan admin@admin.com Moses A. Abubakari admin@admin.com Victor Antwi admin@admin.com Philip Dorsah admin@admin.com Dennis Offei Kwakye admin@admin.com <p><br>Teachers are motivated by a variety of variables while they carry out their employment. However, the expected impact on teacher motivation has not been achieved as a result of the economic reasons. Numerous studies have demonstrated that social elements, such as satisfying interpersonal interactions, can spur people to pursue and accomplish a goal. But there has been a lot of silence over how this varies by gender. This made it necessary to conduct research to determine how interpersonal interactions (IR), specifically those between teachers and students, teachers and other teachers, and teachers and heads of schools in Ghana's Upper East Region (UER), affected teachers' motivation. A cross-sectional survey study design was used, and the data collection process used a mixed technique approach. Teachers at pre-tertiary institutions in UER in Ghana are the target demographic. 831 female and 1,719 male instructors from the area made up the sample. The data was gathered using a teacher motivation scale comprising 4 Likert scale questions and an interview schedule for focus group discussions. The findings demonstrated that interpersonal interactions at school (TP, TT, and TH) influence how instructors in pre-tertiary institutions in Ghana's Upper East Region (UER) carry out their duties, with TT offering the greatest incentive and TH the least. Although IR generally has no association with gender, Pearson's chi-square study revealed that TT as a teacher motivator is associated to gender. To encourage male and female teachers to fulfil their jobs, it is important to foster positive interpersonal interactions at pre-tertiary institutions. Being able to establish close relationships with one's co-workers is key to enjoying one's job as a teacher. Therefore, it is crucial that educators work hard to cultivate good relationships with their colleagues.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Received: 12 August 2022 / Accepted: 29 December 2022 / Published: 5 January 2023</p> 2023-01-05T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/view/13225 Opportunities and Barriers to Disabled Students in Higher Education: An Explorative Study of Visually Impaired Students of Aligarh Muslim University India 2023-01-06T22:05:36+01:00 Abdullah admin@admin.com Abdul Waheed admin@admin.com <p>The aims of the present study to investigates the opportunities and barriers that visually impaired students face in higher education at Aligarh Muslim University (A.M.U.). For this study, 20 students, including 15 (75%) males and 5 (25%) females, were interviewed based on the availability of visually impaired students. The result of this study reveals that the visually impaired students experienced three major types of barriers in the university, i.e., barriers in infrastructural accessibilities, barriers in accessing study materials, and in classroom learning.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Received: 17 October 2022 / Accepted: 30 December 2022 / Published: 5 January 2023</p> 2023-01-05T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023