Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences <p>Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences publishes six issues per year in January, March, May, July, September and November. MJSS has been published from January 2017 to September 2019 by Sciendo DeGruyter now acquired from Richtmann. For submissions use the online system or send your manuscript by email to:</p> en-US <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></p> <p>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a>.</p> (Prof. Alessandro Figus) (Lina Brown) Thu, 05 May 2022 22:40:44 +0200 OJS 60 Cybercrime in Ghana and Victims Accounts <p class="05ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">The main thrust of the study was to examine how cybercrime victims are being lured into virtual space by scammers and later swindled. Qualitative research method was advanced to explore the dynamics of cybercrime activities in Ghana. Secondary data were sourced from the Criminal Investigation Department of the Ghana Police Service. Purposive sampling technique was outlined to engage with the respondents. Structured interview guide was considered as a data collection instrument. In the data analysis, each of the in-depth interviews was transcribed as soon as the information was gathered and developed into codes. Six (6) internet victims took part in the study. The investigation revealed that people become internet victims as a result of unrealistic profit ventures, online romance, raffle schemes, America green card lottery and rent apartment deals. Out of the six cases, only one culprit was imprisoned and even the approach was conventional policing strategy considering the volatile nature of the cybercrime related offences. It was concluded from the discussions that the National Commission for Civic Education (NCCE) should create public awareness about the social and economic consequences of cybercrime activities in the country. The education should further emphasize on the social engineering tactics employed by the conmen to dupe their client on the internet.</span></p> <p class="05ABSTRACT">&nbsp;</p> <p class="05ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">Received: 8 March 2022 / Accepted: 25 April 2022 / Published: 5 May 2022</span></p> Daniel Ennin, Ronald Osei Mensah Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 05 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Behavioural Patterns Exhibited by Preschoolers in Large Class Size: A Case of Early Childhood Centres in Ghana <p>The purpose of the paper was to investigate behavioural patterns exhibited by preschoolers in large class size and suggested recommendations to tackle them. The study was based on pragmatism philosophical thought where concurrent triangulation mixed method design was used for the study. At the quantitative phase, descriptive survey was used while multiple case study was also used for the qualitative phase. The sample size was 234, where 216 questionnaires were distributed to preschool teachers in the quantitative phase. At the qualitative phase, interviews were conducted with 12 preschool teachers while observations were carried out at 6 early childhood education centres (ECECs).&nbsp; The study shows that out of seat behaviour, talking out of turn, disrespecting teachers, verbal and physical aggression towards teachers were the behavioural patterns exhibited by preschoolers in large class size. Considering these behavioural patterns, the study suggested that building design used for ECECs should have toilet and other facilities to prevent preschoolers from exhibiting out of seat behaviour in classroom. The finding also shows that building more ECECs in addition to the existing ones and employing more substitute teachers to assist the permanent teachers could help teachers performance scaffolding, zone of proximal development and social interaction in managing preschoolers in classroom.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Received: 28 February 2022 / Accepted: 18 April 2022 / Published: 5 May 2022</p> Kissi-Abrokwah Bernard, Kyeremeh Tawiah Dabone, Abdul-Jaleel Saani, Wilmot Dennis, Akoto-Baaako Hansen Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 05 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Post Endsars Protest: Exploring Subjective Perception of Police Victims in Lagos, Nigeria <p class="05ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">This study examined public perception of police in post endsars mass protest. The aim of the study was to verify public relationship with police as spillover from violent mass protest. The study was hinged on value-added theory. Six-hundred respondents were surveyed and criteria for inclusion was victim of police brutality. Exploratory design was adopted using quantitative method. Sampling method consisted of purposive and accidental. Lagos was purposively chosen as epicentre of endsars protest; victims of police brutality were chosen purposively. Accidental method applied to select participants in the study. Data were collected and analysed quantitatively using descriptive and inferential statistics. Analytically, 78.5% male participated in the survey, mean age of respondents was 44.5. Subjective perception of police in pre-endsars was classified and consisted of fine officer (21.3%), disgusted officer (33.0%) and compromising officer (45.7%). Police rating in post endsars protest was classified. Thus, 71.5% rated police as partially law abiding and 18.3% felt police misconduct persisted. In the post protest, Level of police brutality was rated low given the score mark 40%. Using regression model, demographic characteristics predicted victims’ intention to participate in violent protest against police brutality (R.324, R2 .50). The model was significant at p&lt;.000. Victims’ age (mean=1.5), occupation (mean=2.4), income (mean=1.9) and sex (mean=4.1) predicted protest intention against police. Level of police brutality in post Lagos endsars protest was low, consequent upon endsars protest. It is recommended that treatment of offenders by police should be guided by rules and regulations. Police require sound training to uphold ethnic of policing.</span></p> <p class="05ABSTRACT">&nbsp;</p> <p class="05ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">Received: 14 March 2022 / Accepted: 30 April 2022 / Published: 5 May 2022</span></p> Monica Imoudu Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 05 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Climate Change and Conflict Resolution in Africa: The Nexus <p class="05ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">The paper focuses on the nexus between climate change and conflict resolution in Africa. Its general objective is to assess the nature of relationship between climate change and conflict resolution, with the specific aims to identify how the interconnections between the twin concepts affect national security, and to propose policy-based recommendations to mitigate the anomalies. Its methodology include the use of qualitative descriptive method of analysis, secondary sources of information (books, internet, journals, newspapers, etc), and use of charts in its analysis. It adopted the Functionalist theory for its theoretical framework for needful extrapolations to explaining the nexus between climate change and conflict resolution. Some findings were made; a few of these include 1. There is inextricable causal relationship between climate change and conflict resolution: the more there are climate change-related conflicts, the more conflict resolution mechanisms emerge to resolve them; 2. Its impacts hold negative implications to national security; etc. In view of the findings, the paper therefore concluded that there is a correlation between the two variables, and recommends thus: leadership of the affected communities and the indigenes should be actively involved in resolving the climate change related conflicts; African national governments should take up climate change and conflict resolutions as top priorities in their national budgets with adequate provisions, etc.</span></p> <p class="05ABSTRACT">&nbsp;</p> <p class="05ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">Received: 27 February 2022 / Accepted: 29 April 2022 / Published: 5 May 2022</span></p> Hyginus Obinna Ogbonna, Chidi Slessor Mbah Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 05 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Sports Arbitration Procedures and Rules in Jordanian Legislation Compared to the Court of Arbitration for Sports (CAS) <p class="05ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">The research dealt with the procedures and rules of sports arbitration in both Jordanian legislation and the Court of Sports Arbitration CAS, by presenting the legal texts related to arbitration in both Jordanian legislation and the Court of Sports Arbitration CAS, to benefit from them in the development of sports legal rules within the national level. The research reached a number of results, including: Settlement of sports disputes in Jordanian legislation through the Sports Federation for Sports Activity. The jurisdiction of the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) in accordance with the 2021 Jordan Sports Federations Regulations can also be terminated, after all internal methods or means have been exhausted.</span></p> <p class="05ABSTRACT">&nbsp;</p> <p class="05ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">Received: 29 March 2022 / Accepted: 30 April 2022 / Published: 5 May 2022</span></p> Mohammad Mamoun Mahrous, Abdulwahab Abdullah Al-Maamari Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 05 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Supplements to the Study of African Works of Art <p>For many years, the history of the arts, crafts and connoisseurship has been determined using the sensory organs; with the introduction of technology, researches in the sciences have found their ways into the study of humanities and the arts.&nbsp; There exists recently additional modern, genuine and acceptable ways of assessing art historical studies other than the traditional sensory means - sight and touch. There is the need for art historical studies now to be more advanced, viewed from a global standard. Apart from formal, iconographic and iconological analyses, art historical studies of the 21st century attends to other pressing evidence and developments with the use of hi-tech and the embrace of scientific approach to studying works of art. Qualitative and evaluative modes of research have been employed for this discourse; it concludes with recommendations to research institutes and African governments to show interest in material compositional information of African art objects for their scientific and historical significance.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Received: 27 March 2022 / Accepted: 30 April 2022 / Published: 5 May 2022</p> Olufemi Joseph Olaleye-Otunla Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 05 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Teachers’ Perceptions Regarding Retirement in Gauteng Schools <p>The focus of this study is on the exploration and description of the teachers’ perceptions regarding retirement in Gauteng schools. As a result of qualitative research method through literature review and interviews which were used in collecting data from the teachers as participants, the results revealed that teachers from the sample size are aware of their retirement times. But this came with mixed perceptions of what to expect and the level of readiness differed, due to lack of informed guideline, including anything that prepares them for their retirement. Based on the above results, it can thus be recommended that the Department of Education in South Africa, should conduct yearly workshops to make teachers aware of what retirement entails. This will help teachers to prepare themselves in advance for retirement.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Received: 22 March 2022 / Accepted: 26 April 2022 / Published: 5 May 2022</p> Ramabele Emily Magoma-Nthite Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 05 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200