Intergovernmental Cooperation Mechanisms in Combating Transnational Human Trafficking within ASEAN
The problem of human trafficking that occurs on the borders of Indonesia and the Johor region of Malaysia basically comes from the problem of poverty and the difficulty of job opportunities which consequently are utilized by people or organizations that are not responsible for the sake of obtaining the maximum profit. This study was conducted by considerations that there are no satisfactory explanation of expressing perpetrators of human trafficking both in Indonesia and Johor Malaysia. By using focus group discussion (FGD), the results show that the rights of victims of trafficking have been normatively protected which is strictly regulated in the legislation in Malaysia. This seriousness was also shown by the existence of a special court for human trafficking crime. Data shows that the trend of human trafficking victims is decreasing. The obstacle in the implementation of the protection of victims of human trafficking was the reluctance of the victims of human trafficking to provide testimonials for the purposes of the trial in Johor Malaysia with the intention of avoiding the extension of the judicial process.
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