Cultural Nuances in Work Attitudes and Behaviors: Towards a Model of African Work Culture

Authors

  • Elizabeth I. Olowookere Department of Psychology, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
  • Benedict C. Agoha Department of Psychology, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
  • Dare O. Omonijo Department of Student Industrial Experience Scheme, Covenant University, Ota; Department of Sociology, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria
  • Jonathan A. Odukoya Department of Psychology, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
  • Ayotunde O. Elegbeleye Department of Psychology, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36941/ajis-2021-0056

Keywords:

Work Behaviors, Work Attitude, Culture, Japan, America, Nigeria, Africa

Abstract

This study explored managers’ perception of the work behaviors and attitudes of Nigerian workers with reference to Nigeria’s cultural orientation and the global culture. It compared Japan, USA and Nigeria on Hofstede’s cultural dimensions, work culture and organizational outcomes. Descriptive survey design and purposive sampling technique were used in data collection. A total of 131 managers (74 males and 57 females) from manufacturing organizations in Ota, Ogun State were interviewed. The structured interview comprised of 12 statements on work attitudes and behaviors to which respondents agreed or disagreed and made remarks. Four research questions were asked and answered using frequency distribution. The result showed that greater percentage of managers perceived Nigerian workers to require close supervision, sanctions and coercion in driving compliance with organizational rules. Workers were also perceived to be motivated mostly by pay, rewards and benefits. However, only about half of the respondents agreed that Nigerian workers are self-centered and individualistic. Lastly, they perceived that given the right circumstances, Nigerian workers are highly resourceful and capable of participative decision-making and mutual responsibility. This study concluded that Nigeria as well as Japan have collectivist cultures while America has individualistic culture. Although collectivism has paid off as evinced in the successes of Japanese companies, Nigerian organizations, like many others in Africa, have been victims of acculturation with adverse consequences for organizational growth. Hence, a model of African work culture was recommended, one that should not jettison indigenous cultures, but ensure an effective blend with global best practices.

 

Received: 2 September 2020 / Accepted: 1 November 2020 / Published: 5 March 2021

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Published

2021-03-05

How to Cite

Olowookere, E. I. ., Agoha, B. C. ., Omonijo, D. O. ., Odukoya, J. A. ., & Elegbeleye, A. O. . (2021). Cultural Nuances in Work Attitudes and Behaviors: Towards a Model of African Work Culture. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 10(2), 259. https://doi.org/10.36941/ajis-2021-0056

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Section

Research Articles

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