Role of Multinational Companies (MNE) in the Transfer of Human Resource Management (HRM) Practices in Albania
AbstractGlobalization is part of everyday life for everybody and for companies, too. In this globalization era, multinational companies (MNE) are gaining new experiences in diverse environments, diverse nations and diverse cultures. So, a big concern for MNEs, nowadays, is the issue of convergence versus divergence. In the focus of this issue is the transfer of Human Resource Management (HRM) practices across countries. The effectiveness of this transfer is the key of success of MNEs and it depends on different factors, such as: the cultural distance between MNEs home country and host country; new institutional environments; presence of expatriates in their subsidiaries etc. This paper is a literature review one and has in focus the identification of factors affecting the transfer of HRM practices from MNEs in their subsidiaries in Albania. In the Albanian reality there is a lack of studies in this aspect, which serves as the contribution of this topic, same as for academics, as well as for MNEs that have subsidiaries in our country. The future research will continue with survey method which tends to collect data from the top managers of subsidiaries of MNEs operating in Albania.
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