Psychological Peculiarities Pertaining to Conducting a Search of Adult Criminals and Juvenile Delinquents
AbstractThe article discusses the problems of psychological preparation by an investigator to carry out a search and seizure as independent investigative actions. A quick and complete investigation of crimes depends on the skills and abilities of the investigator when applying methods of lawful mental influence on the person being searched. Psychological problems, questions of organizing the conducting a search are the objects of the works of M.I. Enikeeva, N.P. Yablokova, V.A. Obraztsova, V.I. Popova, A.S. Knyazkova, R.L. Ahmedshina, T.V. Averyanova, R.S. Belkina, Yu. G. Korukhova, E.R. Rossinskaya, etc. The purpose of this article is to consider the psychological nature of the search, to reveal a specific series of circumstances. In legal literature, a search is understood to mean not only search coercive activity, but also the cognitive activity of the investigator. Peculiarities of the investigator's cognitive activity are expressed in the personal perception of the searched premises and the personality of the most searched in a conflict situation. It should be noted that at the time of the search, the constitutional rights of citizens to privacy and the right to privacy of housing are limited. Therefore, compliance by the investigator with the procedural order of the search and the rule of law ensures the effectiveness of this investigative action, which in turn guarantees the observance of the constitutional rights of citizens.
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