The Relative Contribution of Mindfulness and Gratitude in Predicting Happiness among University Students

Authors

  • Aljawharh Ibrahim Alsukah Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, College of Education, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Saudi Arabia
  • Shaimaa Ezzat Basha Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, College of Education, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Saudi Arabia; Faculty of Arts, Helwan University, Egypt

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36941/jesr-2021-0097

Keywords:

Gratitude, Sense of abundance, Mindfulness, Happiness, University students

Abstract

The present study aims at identifying the separate and interactive contribution of gratitude and mindfulness in predicting happiness; examining the relationship between these variables; identifying differences between students with high happiness and students with low happiness in gratitude and mindfulness; and identifying the levels of gratitude, mindfulness, and happiness among the students of Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University. The research sample consisted of 447 female students aged 18-25 years. The research instruments included the Toronto Mindfulness Scale, the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire, as well as the Gratitude, Resentment, and Appreciation Test-Short form. The study found out that gratitude and mindfulness had a significant contribution in predicting happiness among university students (31% and 41.5%, respectively). The interaction between the total scores of mindfulness and gratitude contributed 51.5% of the variance in happiness among university students. The interaction between mindfulness, sense of abundance, and simple appreciation contributed 54.4% of the variance in happiness among university students. The study found a positive correlation between mindfulness, gratitude (sense of abundance, simple appreciation, appreciation of others), and happiness. Additionally, it was found that students at Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University had moderate levels of mindfulness and moderate to high levels of gratitude and happiness. The sense of abundance domain was moderate, the simple appreciation domain was high, and the appreciation of others domain was moderate. Mindfulness, gratitude, sense of abundance, simple appreciation, and appreciation of others increased among the students with high happiness.

 

Received: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 22 June 2021 / Published: 8 July 2021

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Published

2021-07-08

How to Cite

Alsukah , A. I. ., & Basha, S. E. . (2021). The Relative Contribution of Mindfulness and Gratitude in Predicting Happiness among University Students. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 11(4), 314. https://doi.org/10.36941/jesr-2021-0097

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Articles