Malaysian Peacekeepers Perspectives on the Influence of Governance and Ethnic-Cross Relationship in Enhancing Ethnic Tolerance during Peacekeeping Operations

Authors

  • N. N. H. Nordin Postgraduate, Faculty of Defence Studies and Management, National Defence University of Malaysia, Sungai Besi Camp, 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • W. N. W. Husin Associate Professor, Department of Strategic Studies, Faculty of Defence Studies and Management, National Defence University of Malaysia, Sungai Besi Camp, 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • M. Z. Salleh Colonel, Associate Professor, Department of Strategic Studies, Faculty of Defence Studies and Management, National Defence University of Malaysia, Sungai Besi Camp, 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • A. L. Harun Colonel, Department of Strategic Studies, of Defence Studies and Management, National Defence University of Malaysia, Sungai Besi Camp, 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36941/jesr-2022-0018

Keywords:

governance, ethnic-cross relationship, ethnic tolerance, Malaysian peacekeepers

Abstract

Ethnic tolerance among peacekeepers plays an important role in ensuring the effectiveness of peacekeeping operations. Therefore, this study aimed to analyse the influence of governance and ethnic-cross relationship towards enhancing of ethnic tolerance based on the perspectives of Malaysian peacekeepers. This study applied quantitative data collection method through a set of questionnaires with 432 participants that previously being deployed to various United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (UNPKO). The result indicates that both governance and ethnic-cross relationships have a positive correlation towards enhancement of the level of ethnic tolerance among Malaysian peacekeepers. The findings could strengthen the code of ethics for cultural competence, which emphasises the importance of understanding ethnic tolerance during peacekeeping operations or deployments.

 

Received: 4 October 2021 / Accepted: 21 November 2021 / Published: 3 January 2022

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Published

2022-01-03

How to Cite

Nordin, N. N. H. ., Husin, W. N. W. ., Salleh, M. Z. ., & Harun, A. L. . (2022). Malaysian Peacekeepers Perspectives on the Influence of Governance and Ethnic-Cross Relationship in Enhancing Ethnic Tolerance during Peacekeeping Operations. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 12(1), 222. https://doi.org/10.36941/jesr-2022-0018