A Literature Review on Results-Based Management (RBM) in the Not-for-Profit Sector in Zimbabwe during and after the COVID-19 Pandemic


  • Wellington Mushayi Graduate School of Business, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
  • Abubaker Qutieshat University of Dundee, Nethergate, Dundee, DD1 4HN, Scotland, United Kingdom *Corresponding Author




Results-based management, COVID-19 pandemic, Not-for-Profit Sector, Impact, and Effectiveness


In the context of the just-ended COVID-19 global pandemic, it is evident that nations continue battling to make progress towards the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals Agenda while ensuring no one is left behind. Renowned journals have captured the adverse impacts of the pandemic on the social, health, education, and economic systems across nations, including Zimbabwe, highlighting the need for more efficient and effective management practices. Notwithstanding, there remains little or no evidence on the impact of the COVID-19 global pandemic on the implementation of widely adopted approaches such as results-based management (RBM). This is despite RBM having been adopted by a majority of governments and non-governmental organizations, including the United Nations, and implemented as a performance management tool towards attaining the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. RBM is a strategic approach that focuses on achieving specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound results to enhance the effectiveness and accountability of organisations. This review explores the implementation of RBM in the not-for-profit sector in Zimbabwe during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. It examines the challenges faced by the sector, the opportunities presented by RBM, and the strategies and best practises for successful implementation post-pandemic. The study synthesises and critically analyses relevant literature, providing insights into RBM's potential to improve the performance and impact of not-for-profit organisations in Zimbabwe.


Received: 7 September 2023 / Accepted: 26 October 2023 / Published: 5 November 2023


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How to Cite

A Literature Review on Results-Based Management (RBM) in the Not-for-Profit Sector in Zimbabwe during and after the COVID-19 Pandemic. (2024). Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 14(6), 1. https://doi.org/10.36941/mjss-2023-0032