An Assessment of Flood Hazard in Nigeria: The Case of Mile 12, Lagos


  • A. E Olajuyigbe Federal University of Technology, Nigeria.
  • O.O Rotowa Federal University of Technology, Nigeria.
  • E. Durojaye Federal University of Technology, Nigeria.


Apart from traffic congestion, flood is the most common serious physical urban problem in most Nigerian cities. This
usually results from high river levels, concentration of overland flow following heavy rainfall, limited capacity of drainage systems
and blockage of waterways and drainage channels. This study identified the factors responsible for perennial flooding in Mile 12
area of Lagos, Nigeria which has constituted serious menace in terms of socio-economic and environmental consequences. The
research methodology involved questionnaire administration on households, key informant interview especially on Lagos State
Physical Development Authority (LASPPDA) officials and participant-observation, while other data were collected from
secondary sources including various relevant publications and text books. The result shows that the perennial flooding problem
in Mile 12 is as a result of consistent high rainfall and water releases from Oyan dam in the neighbouring state of Ogun, Nigeria.
Other causes of flood in the study area include blockage of drainage channels by refuse and other wastes, narrow river channels
and construction along floodplain. In a bid to ameliorate the seemingly intractable problem of flooding in the study area, the
recommendations made include: provision of sufficient setback to streams and rivers, construction of roads with good drainage
system, channelization and building of more dams to avoid excess loading of the existing dam.


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How to Cite

An Assessment of Flood Hazard in Nigeria: The Case of Mile 12, Lagos. (2012). Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 3(2), 367.