“Ukuthwala” The Sexual- Cultural Practice with Negative Effects on the Personality of Adolescent Females in Africa
AbstractAlthough some abductions are consensual and arranged, reports indicate that in forced marriages adolescent females are raped, emotionally and psychologically abused. Patriarchal attitude of parents and poverty stricken backgrounds are among factors contributing towards “ukuthwala’’. Drawing from gender-strain and social- exchange theories, vulnerable girls are being sold by parents for poverty relief, without considering that owing to lack of negotiation of safe sex between the girls and abductors, HIV/AIDS transmission is likely. This research paper accumulated previous research studies as a form of methodology to explore the socio-cultural influences driving males to abduct girls. The aim of this study is to caution the societies which justify the constitutionally unacceptable sexual behaviour of males because the majority of girls in forced marriages experience low self –esteem, PTSD, unprepared motherhood and develop neurotic personality. Given the findings of this research, recommendations are that anyone contravening the laws which protect the rights of women and children to education, security and integrity be imprisoned.
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