Gender Differences in HIV/AIDS Knowledge/Awareness among Adventist University Students in Arusha, Tanzania
AbstractThe objective of this study was to assess university students’ knowledge gender differences regarding HIV/AIDS at an Adventist institution in Arusha, Tanzania. This was undertaken on the ground that knowing about HIV/AIDS is one of the main ways by which the formidable disease can be controlled. The sample comprised 97 male (49) and female (48) participants who were administered an HIV/AIDS questionnaire consisting of 15 questions/statements. The data analysis comprised frequency, percentage, chi-square and level of probability. The results showed that on the basis of knowledgeability participants fell under those who scored high followed by those who were above average, average and below average. Similarly on the basis of gender differences, there were two categories, namely in a couple of questions, female participants performed better than their counterparts. In the second category, there was parity of genders, as their performance was equally good or unsatisfactory. In view of HIV/AIDS misconceptions and gender differences observed, it was concluded that the HIV/AIDS knowledge students commanded was not sufficient to lead to reduction in HIV/AIDS transmission. Thus calling for more public HIV/AIDS education in institutions of higher learning in Tanzania.
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