Arab and Jewish Students' Attitudes towards Multiculturalism in Israel: The Moderating Role of Ethnic Identity

Authors

  • Marina Goroshit Department of Education,Department of Psychology Tel-Hai Academic college
  • Meirav Hen Department of Education,Department of Psychology Tel-Hai Academic college
  • Eran Kraus Department of Education,Department of Psychology Tel-Hai Academic college

Abstract

Israeli society presents a particularly interesting case of multicultural existence. The relations between Arabs and Jews are the most difficult and sensitive among the different groups in Israel, due to the ongoing Jewish –Palestinian historical conflict. Higher education campuses in Israel serve as socialization agencies where students from both ethnic groups share a mutual learning environment and need to cooperate in a predominant Jewish milieu. The present study examined group differences in general and specific attitudes towards multiculturalism. In addition the moderating role of ethnic identity in the effect of ethnic group on attitudes toward general and specific multiculturalism was studied. Results indicated group differences in general and specific attitudes towards multiculturalism. Jewish students have more positive attitudes toward general multiculturalism and more negative attitudes toward specific multiculturalism than Arab students. In addition a moderating effect of ethnic identity on ethnic group attitudes toward specific multiculturalism was found. These findings suggest the importance of understanding college climate at interpersonal and institutional levels and of assessing impact for both majority and minority students.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2013.v4n14p303

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Published

2013-11-08

How to Cite

Goroshit, M., Hen, M., & Kraus, E. (2013). Arab and Jewish Students’ Attitudes towards Multiculturalism in Israel: The Moderating Role of Ethnic Identity. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 4(14), 303. Retrieved from https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/view/1606