Doctoral and Masters Supervision: The Potential Role of Self-Efficacy
AbstractThis research investigated the potential contribution of self-efficacy and different forms of experience to the numbers of sucessful doctoral and masters degree supervisions of academics. Using a comprehensive purposive sampling procedure, academics at a large South African higher educational institution were sampled; 225 responses were received. Spearman Rho tests of association, Pearson partial correlation analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis were used to test the relationships between different types of self-efficacy, together with different forms of experience, and measures of doctoral and masters degree supervisions. Findings suggest that self-efficacy accounts for variance in doctoral and masters degree supervisions over and above the contribution of years of experience as a researcher, job satisfaction, gender and the number of people reporting to an individual. However, the effect of self-efficacy might only be significant up and until the point that an individual gains sufficient supervisory experience, of one form or the other (doctoral or masters degree supervision). Male academics are found to supervise more doctoral students. Individuals that supervise more doctoral students are found to have significantly higher levels of self-efficacy relating to statistical analysis.
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