Development of Education during the Years 1944 - 1948 in Albania


  • Bedri Kola Professor at the Albanian University Head Department of Education


Upon taking power in late 1944, the communist regime gave high priority to reopening the schools and organizing the whole education system to reflect communist ideology. The regime's objectives for the new school system were to wipe out illiteracy in the country as soon as possible, to struggle against "bourgeois survivals" in the country's culture, to transmit to Albanian youth the ideas and principles of communism as interpreted by the party, and finally to educate the children of all social classes on the basis of these principles. The 1946 communist constitution made it clear that the regime intended to bring all children under the control of the state. All schools were soon placed under state management. At the same time, due to the lack of specialists in many fields of knowledge, a lot of young people were sent abroad to the countries Albania had diplomatic connections with (Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Romania etc.)

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n4p423


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How to Cite

Kola, B. (2014). Development of Education during the Years 1944 - 1948 in Albania. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(4), 423. Retrieved from