Typology of Export Specialization of the Russian Regions
AbstractThe work carries out the primary analysis of the mass economic-geographical information which includes: 1) the stage of systematization using the methods of typing and zoning, 2) the analysis of the existing sectorial and regional characteristics of the foreign trade activity of the Russian Federation. Balances of foreign trade operations of all organizations as parts of the subjects of the Russian Federation that carry out these operations in the period from 2000 to 2010 within major product groups, are in the basis of the typing. Combining the indicators of foreign trade in seven groups is according to state statistics: food supplies, supply of fuel and energy components, petrochemical products, the supply of timber and related forest products, supply of products of the metallurgical and machine-building industries, as well as the group that unites all the other types of products. In the result of the research of the branch structure of the regions’ export we managed to allocate 8 types of subjects of the Russian Federation, where the regions without prevalent specialization belong to the 8th type.
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